A mild mood disorder is characterized by mood swings with periods of depression and hypomania (.mild mania). The disorder is less severe than bipolar I and II disorders.
Starting symptoms of the cyclothymic disorder in the 20s
The symptoms of the cyclothymic disorder are similar to those of bipolar I and II disorders, but they last for 1 year or longer. This mood disorder typically starts in the teens or early 20s. It affects males and females equally. Although the cyclothymic disorder is less severe than other mood disorders, it can still damage relationships with family members and affect your ability to work, study or enjoy life.
Given that delusions are experienced by individuals with schizophrenia, it is important to understand how they work. There is evidence that suggests that the difference between reality and delusion lies in both social judgment and reasoning. People who experience delusions perceive their thoughts as being real even if they do not correspond with reality. Delusions often seem bizarre to the persons who experience them, and they may feel that such thoughts are “a completely rational explanation” of what is happening.
The similarity of cyclothymic disorder with bipolar I and II disorders
The causes for this disorder are poorly known. The cause of the cyclothymic disorder is probably different from the cause of bipolar I and II disorders. As with other mood disorders, brain chemicals called neurotransmitters probably play an important role in causing these conditions.
Symptoms of cyclothymic disorder
Symptoms typically come on gradually and can include a depressed or irritable mood, periods of high energy and activity alternating with periods of fatigue, a decreased need for sleep, restlessness, difficulty concentrating due to worry about everyday problems, chronic feelings of tension, and anxiety.
Treatment for cyclothymic disorder
Treatment options vary depending on the symptoms. Treatment may include medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of these.
Treatment for the cyclothymic disorder can include one or more of the following:
Psychotherapy aims to help you gain control over your emotions and thoughts so that you feel better about yourself, develop healthier ways of dealing with stress, learn how to have positive relationships with other people, and cope more effectively with daily problems.
Medication antidepressants are often used to treat MDD and anxiety disorders, but the medications that work best for bipolar disorder are mood stabilizers such as lithium or anticonvulsants such as Depakote (valproate) and Tegretol (carbamazepine).
Acyclovir therapy some people with mood disorders also experienced improvement of their symptoms after taking acyclovir.
Cyclothymic Disorder on the brain
Results from a functional magnetic resonance imaging study performed at Emory University indicated that subjects who had been diagnosed with cyclothymia exhibited reduced function in the limbic system, specifically the anterior cingulate cortex and hippocampus, in comparison with healthy control subjects.